What FDA Regulates?

FDA is the federal agency responsible for ensuring that foods are safe, wholesome and sanitary; human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices are safe and effective; cosmetics are safe; and electronic products that emit radiation are safe. FDA also ensures that these products are honestly, accurately and informatively represented to the public.

Some of the agency’s specific responsibilities include:



  • Product and manufacturing establishment licensing
  • Safety of the nation’s blood supply
  • Research to establish product standards and develop improved testing methods


  • Safety
  • Labeling


  • Product approvals
  • OTC and prescription drug labeling
  • Drug manufacturing standards


  • Labeling
  • Safety of all food products (except meat and poultry)
  • Bottled water

Medical Devices

  • Premarket approval of new devices
  • Manufacturing and performance standards
  • Tracking reports of device malfunctioning and serious adverse reactions

Radiation-Emitting Electronic Products

  • Radiation safety performance standards for microwave ovens, television receivers, diagnostic
  • X-ray equipment, cabinet x-ray systems (such as baggage x-rays at airports), laser products,
  • Ultrasonic therapy equipment, mercury vapor lamps, and sunlamps
  • Accrediting and inspecting mammography facilities

Veterinary Products

  • Livestock feeds
  • Pet foods
  • Veterinary drugs and devices

 Source: ComplianceOnline

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