Federal child labor rules are established by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). This Act establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor rules affecting full- and part-time workers in the private sector and in the Federal, state and local governments. The rules vary depending upon the age of the young worker and his or her occupation.
Two things are certain:
- Once an employee is 18, there are no Federal child labor rules.
- Federal child labor rules do not require work permits. However, the Department of Labor will issue age certificates if your state does not issue them and you are asked to provide them by your employer.