Telangana : History

What is Telangana?

Telangana is a region comprising 10 of Andhra Pradesh’s 23 districts.


It was a part of the erstwhile Nizam’s princely state of Hyderabad. The region accounts for 119 seats of 294 in the assembly.

When did Telangana merge with Andhra?

In 1948, India put an end to the rule of the Nizams and a Hyderabad state was formed. In 1956, the Telangana part of Hyderabad was merged with then Andhra state (carved out of Madras Presidency in October, 1953). The remaining parts of the Nizam’s empire merged with Karnataka and Maharashtra.

[ Andhra Pradesh became the first linguistically carved state in the country after Gandhian revolutionary Potti Sreeramulu, on a hunger strike over the issue, died on December 16, 1952. ]

Please find the correct information about Potti Sreeramulu:

Potti Sreeramulu fasted in the heart of Madras (Chennai) city for over 58 days for an Andhra state with Madras as the capital. He described “Andhra without Madras as a dead body without a head.  –

Separate Telangana state movement

In the following years after the formation of Andhra Pradesh state, however, Telangana people had a number of complaints about how the agreements and guarantees were implemented. Discontent with the 1956 Gentleman’s agreement intensified in January 1969 when the guarantees that had been agreed on were supposed to lapse.

Student agitation for the continuation of the agreement began at Osmania University in Hyderabad and spread to other parts of the region. Government employees and opposition members of the state legislative assembly swiftly threatened “direct action” in support of the students. This movement, also known as Telangana movement, led to widespread violence and deaths of hundreds of people including 360 students

When did the movement for a separate Telangana kick off?

The first Telangana movement intensified in 1969. There was a distinct difference between Andhra and Telangana regions.

Why people felt feared?

People from Telangana were against merger with Andhra state as they feared they would lose jobs to them.

Cultural differences, too, remain. Under Nizam’s, and before that, under the Qutb Shahi rule, the culture and language in Telangana bore influences of north India. Emphasis on festivals are also different.

What happened in the 1969 agitation?

Primarily a student-driven protest, it turned historical for the number of people who took part in it. Over 350 students were killed in police firing and lathi charge. That’s how the movement collapsed: a result of Indira Gandhi’s masterstroke. P V Narasimha Rao, too, was made CM in 1971 because he was from Telangana region.

What’s K Chandrasekhar Rao’s role?

In the 90s, KCR, then a member of the Telugu Desam Party, was hopeful of a ministerial post in the state government but was made deputy speaker after the 1999 elections. He quit TDP in 2001 to champion the cause of a separate Telangana state and founded Telangana Rashtra Samithi.

All this while, with faster development in the rest of Andhra, a strong feeling was gaining ground in Telangana that it was being exploited and that the region’s surplus was being transferred to finance development in the rest of the state. In 2004 election, Y S Rajasekhara Reddy joined hands with KCR, promising a separate Telangana. But YSR got cold feet and backtracked, triggering resignations of TRS MLAs. KCR quit his Union ministry post.

What’s the stand of other political parties on Telangana?

Congress continues to flip-flop, while TDP, which was against separate Telangana until 2009 election, is now supporting it. BJP, CPI and PRP support Telangana. CPM’s stand still unclear, but by and large, it is opposed to Telangana.

What’s the Hyderabad angle?

Hyderabad, which is within the Telangana region, is a bone of contention between votaries of Telangana and those against it. The issue of AP capital remains a stumbling block in the creation of Telangana.



10 Responses to Telangana : History

  1. Gupta.P.R.K says:

    i dont agree that this day is dark day for telugu people, i am from the most remote place of andhra pradesh that is know what is happening in srikakulam,even we have all resources which is needed for crops why people are going to different parts of country and being labour. when we get telagana all parts of andhra will be concentrated. If Viskhapatnam or Vijayawada or some other place may bcome capital and then the real development will here, you know if telegana is seprated we the people of Coastal andhra will be more benfited. the choas made by the coastal andhra MLAs and MP are for investments in Hyderbad that all. they are thinking for their investments not for the development their own places. You know in our colleges our correspomdent and the owners are political leaders they are giving orders to us to come to dharnas otherwise they would decrease our marks what we have to do.

    I want to say one thing that even USA is having divide and rule where they made development and become powerful nation and every state in USA is developed if we follow the same pattern the every part of India would be developed. The state what ever the funds they are getting they keeping it in Hyderbad, if , state is divided the remaing region would develop. I request You all dont think of Hyderbad think of development the remaing places of andhra.

  2. NARSING says:

    Telangana is a part of hyderadab it is support in separate Telangana

  3. Citizen says:

    This is the exact line..

    Potti Sreeramulu fasted in the heart of Madras (Chennai) city for over 58 days for an Andhra state with Madras as the capital.

  4. Hi

    Andhra Pradesh became the first linguistically carved state in the country after Gandhian revolutionary Potti Sreeramulu, on a hunger strike over the issue, died on December 16, 1952.

    This what I have posted in the blog.. I could not understand what are you arguing for.

  5. Citizen says:

    Well,I think you didn’t understand my point. Here is what I wanted to emphasize.

    Andhra State was different from Andhra Pradesh.

    Andhra State + Telangana region (Hyderabad State, as it was called) = Andhra Pradesh.

    I am not blaming you. I am just saying that when you post an article, do invest some time in finding out the correct details. FYI, I have already posted a comment in the NDTV Article. Thanks for sharing the link (I could actually correct the person who is the source).

    Hope I didn’t offend you to the extent you are taking it.


  6. Hi Everyone,

    It seems that I have missed out few facts which I too was not aware. I have updated this post again, please do feel free to send me feedback so that I can use it as valuable suggestion to avoid in future.


  7. Krishna says:

    Please look at this link.

    PotiSriramulu fasted for Separate Andhra state(with Madras as capital) after the state has been granted.

  8. raj kumar says:

    Telangana is already declared on December 9 2009 but it is stopped by some Andhra Royalsima people. Nara Chandra Bubu Nayudu is the No 1 culprit in this. Like lagadapati rayapati kavuri… etc.. Every one comes after him only, because he is the person who described telangana formation is a mid day dream (pagati kalalu).. And after the declaration of telangana from central gov on dec 9 he arranged a press meet and said that how they will declare such a big decision in mid night ( ఇంత పెద్ద నిర్ణయం అర్ధ రాత్రి ప్రకటిస్తారా ) who is Mr chedambarum to declare.. Etc… (ఒక రస్త్రానికి 9 సంవత్సరాలు ముఖ్య మంత్రి గా పని చేసిన వ్యక్తి మాట్లాడే మాటలు ఇవ్వా ….) Each and every party have one policy or agenda as a party like PRP united Andhra, BJP Jai telangana , TRS jai telangana.. CPI, CPM.. Each and every party have their agenda But I think TDP is the only party having different agendas and different opinions on one issue. Of course they may have different opinions but they should take one decision on this as a party. But they are not doing so.. 438 recorded suicides happened from dec 2009 to till date telangana people sacrificed their lives for cause of telangana but Chandra babu didn’t expressed any feelings on these sacrifices.. I think… us… The telangana people are not a humankinds in his opinion.. He is the person who never respects telangana people, telangana arts, and telangana culture. He even thinks spell the word TELANGANA is a crime.

  9. raoillusion says:

    Hyderabad belongs to Hyderabad people and does not belong to Telangana.
    The goods that are sold in Hyderabad and all over the world are made in China.

    KCR and TRS will not achieve anything in a seaparate Telangana.

    Indian politicians are corrupt and TRS is corrupt so there is future for Telangana.

    Inidan decomcracy is a failure – India is ruled now goondas.

    Andhra Prasdesh politicians are goondas and TRS is another goonda group

    There was nothing good done and nothing good will be done for the poor people of Telangana.

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