What FDA Regulates

FDA is the federal agency responsible for ensuring that foods are safe, wholesome and sanitary; human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices are safe and effective; cosmetics are safe; and electronic products that emit radiation are safe. FDA also ensures that these products are honestly, accurately and informatively represented to the public. Some of the agency’s specific responsibilities include:

Biologics

  • product and manufacturing establishment licensing
  • safety of the nation’s blood supply
  • research to establish product standards and develop improved testing methods

Cosmetics

  • safety
  • labeling

Drugs

  • product approvals
  • OTC and prescription drug labeling
  • drug manufacturing standards

Foods

  • labeling
  • safety of all food products (except meat and poultry)
  • bottled water

Medical Devices

  • premarket approval of new devices
  • manufacturing and performance standards
  • tracking reports of device malfunctioning and serious adverse reactions

Radiation-Emitting Electronic Products

  • radiation safety performance standards for microwave ovens, television receivers, diagnostic x-ray equipment, cabinet x-ray systems (such as baggage x-rays at airports), laser products, ultrasonic therapy equipment, mercury vapor lamps, and sunlamps
  • accrediting and inspecting mammography facilities

Veterinary Products

  • livestock feeds
  • pet foods
  • veterinary drugs and devices

Source: FDA

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